Looking After The Future

Migraines And Headaches In Children

Childhood headaches are not uncommon. Similar to adults, children also experience strong bouts of headaches like migraines or tension-type headaches induced by stress or chronic headaches which occur daily. Some cases of a migraine occur due to a preexisting condition like an infection, head injury/trauma etc.
Symptoms
Children experience the same kind of headaches as adults but display different symptoms. Adults experience a migraine for more than four hours, whereas a child’s headache may last less than four hours.
Some Symptoms Are As Follows:
** A pounding, throbbing or a pulsating sensation in the head
** The ache gets worse when the child is exerted
** Vomiting and nausea
** Pain in the abdomen
** Sensitivity to varying degrees of light and sound
In some cases, infants too have migraines and they convey it by crying and some children hold their heads as an indication of the harsh pain.
Causes
The factors responsible for childhood headaches are as follows:
** Infections and illnesses
** Head injury/ trauma
** Psychological factors
** Certain beverages and foods
** Brain problems
** Genetic factors
Children of any age are susceptible to headaches. However, it is commonly witnessed in girls who have matured, in children with a family history of migraines or headaches and in older teenagers
Treatment
The treatment of childhood headaches is initiated by changes in lifestyle and usage of OTC (over the counter) medicines. When a healthy child suffers from headaches, it is considered a mere symptom which needs no further investigation. In some cases, scans and further evaluation is done to eliminate other medical conditions which may be the cause of a headache. The tests used are MRI, CT scan, and Spinal Tap, also known as a lumbar puncture.
Normally, a child may get some relief from a headache with some rest at home and a silent environment, accompanied by a diet of balanced nutritious meals, lots of fluids and painkillers. An older child can be taught meditation to ease stress. Some therapies used are biofeedback training, relation training, and CBT, also known as cognitive behavioural therapy. Alternate treatments involve massages and acupuncture.
Summary
Children also experience strong bouts of headaches like migraines or tension-type headaches induced by stress or chronic headaches which occur daily. It is commonly witnessed in girls who have matured, in children with a family history of migraines or headaches and in older teenagers. Treatment means rest at home and a silent environment accompanied by a diet of balanced nutritious meals, lots of fluids and painkillers. An older child can be taught meditation to ease stress.
Source: Bpositive Magazine

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